3. Their history

Hyacinths have been cultivated commercially since the second half of the 16th century. However it is uncertain when the forcing of hyacinths on glasses was first practised. The famous bulbgrower, Georg Voorhelm from Haarlem published in french and german about hyacinths on glass vases around 1750 (picture 4). In France at the court of Louis XV, Madame de Pompadour had 200 hyacinths forced on glasses, as shown by the records from 1759. Since then thousands of different types of glasses have been developed, in all shapes and colours, reflecting the changing artistic styles - from unique hand made glasses to industrial production in the millions.

Hyacinth vases were mainly produced in Western Europe. Important countries for the manufacturing were: France, Great Britain, Germany, Holland and the Scandinavian countries. In my opinion the most interesting antique vases can be found in France and Britain. Also in the United States, forcing hyacinths on vases in known for a very long time and interesting older vases can be found there.

Picture 5 shows some beautiful examples of British vases in a 1989 sales-catalogue from Asprey of London. I want to thank John P. Smith - the publisher - for sending me an original catalogue.

Picture 6 the simple but strong 'Hillegom', 'Lisse' and 'Sassenheim' original designs of designer Rozendaal (Maastricht - Holland, Kristalunie 1933).

picture 4 and 5

rozendaal 3x
picture 6

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